The US Constitution

The Executive Branch

  • President & VP Serve 4 Years
  • Electors Equal Number of US Senators and Reps. Per State.
  • Must be Born in the United States
  • Vice President Takes Over if President Dies
  • President Swears Oath to Defend US Constitution
  • Commander in Chief Over the Military
  • Can Grant Pardons and Reprieves (Except for Impeachment)
  • Can Make Foreign Treaties with 2/3 Vote of Senate
  • Shall Appoint Judges to Supreme Court with Senate Consent
  • Shall Appoint Ambassadors & Other Federal Officers
  • Can Be Impeached and Removed for: Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors
  • President Must Sign Bill Before Its a Law
  • President Can Veto Bills
  • 2/3 Majority by Both Houses can Override a Veto

Legislative Branch

  • Laws Made by the Senate and House of Representatives
  • House Members Elected Every 2 Years
  • Senators Elected Every 6 Years
  • Representatives Must be 25 y/o and 7yrs as US Citizen
  • Senator Must be 30 y/o and 9yrs as US Citizen
  • Tax Bills Originate in the House of Representatives
  • Number of Representatives per State based on 10 yr. Census
  • House has Sole Power of Impeachment
  • Senate has Sole Power to Try Impeachment
  • Bill Must be signed by Both Houses Before it Goes to President
  • Bill Becomes Law in 10 Days if President Doesn't Sign or Return It.
  • 2/3 Majority by Both Houses Can Override Veto

Congress Additional Powers

  • Declare War
  • Borrow Money
  • Regulate Interstate and Foreign Commerce
  • Coin Money
  • Finance War for Up to 2 Years
  • Call Out the Militia for Insurrection & Invasion

The Judicial Power

  • The judicial Power shall extend to all Cases, in Law and Equity, arising under this Constitution
  • the Laws of the United States, and Treaties made, or which shall be made, under their Authority
  • to all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls
  • to all Cases of admiralty and maritime Jurisdiction
  • to Controversies to which the United States shall be a Party
  • to Controversies between two or more States
  • The Trial of all Crimes, except in Cases of Impeachment, shall be by Jury;

Treason

Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying War against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort. No Person shall be convicted of Treason unless on the Testimony of two Witnesses to the same overt Act, or on Confession in open Court.

The Congress shall have Power to declare the Punishment of Treason, but no Attainder of Treason shall work Corruption of Blood, or Forfeiture except during the Life of the Person attainted.

Article IV

Section. 1.

Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each State to the public Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings of every other State. And the Congress may by general Laws prescribe the Manner in which such Acts, Records and Proceedings shall be proved, and the Effect thereof.

Section. 2.

The Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the several States.

A Person charged in any State with Treason, Felony, or other Crime, who shall flee from Justice, and be found in another State, shall on Demand of the executive Authority of the State from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the State having Jurisdiction of the Crime.

Section. 3.

New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the Junction of two or more States, or Parts of States, without the Consent of the Legislatures of the States concerned as well as of the Congress.

The Congress shall have Power to dispose of and make all needful Rules and Regulations respecting the Territory or other Property belonging to the United States; and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed as to Prejudice any Claims of the United States, or of any particular State.

Section. 4.

The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion; and on Application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be convened) against domestic Violence.

Article V

The Congress, whenever two thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of the Legislatures of two thirds of the several States, shall call a Convention for proposing Amendments, which, in either Case, shall be valid to all Intents and Purposes, as Part of this Constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures of three fourths of the several States, or by Conventions in three fourths thereof, as the one or the other Mode of Ratification may be proposed by the Congress; Provided that no Amendment which may be made prior to the Year One thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any Manner affect the first and fourth Clauses in the Ninth Section of the first Article; and that no State, without its Consent, shall be deprived of its equal Suffrage in the Senate.

Article VI

All Debts contracted and Engagements entered into, before the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation.

This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary notwithstanding.

The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the Members of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and judicial Officers, both of the United States and of the several States, shall be bound by Oath or Affirmation, to support this Constitution; but no religious Test shall ever be required as a Qualification to any Office or public Trust under the United States.

Article VII

The Ratification of the Conventions of nine States, shall be sufficient for the Establishment of this Constitution between the States so ratifying the Same.

The Word, "the," being interlined between the seventh and eighth Lines of the first Page, The Word "Thirty" being partly written on an Erazure in the fifteenth Line of the first Page, The Words "is tried" being interlined between the thirty second and thirty third Lines of the first Page and the Word "the" being interlined between the forty third and forty fourth Lines of the second Page.

Attest William Jackson Secretary

done in Convention by the Unanimous Consent of the States present the Seventeenth Day of September in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and Eighty seven and of the Independance of the United States of America the Twelfth In witness whereof We have hereunto subscribed our Names,

G°. Washington
Presidt and deputy from Virginia

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